We live in a society where everyone depends on education. Without education we don’t have any identity. But in India there are so many rural areas where people are not aware of education and its value. The government has many policies, such as Sarva Sikhya Abhiyan, the Right to Education from 6-14 yrs of age, however many children still dropout before completing 7th standard.
Education plays a great role in our life. The development of a society depends on the quality of its education. Assessing the socio-economic indicators that measure educational inequality prevalent in our society helps to promote and insure equal rights to education.
The government has the goal of achieving basic education for all by 2010, utilizing Sarva Shikhya Abhiyan and right to education initiatives.
But still there are many problems which contribute to the main causes of students dropping out from schools and colleges. Although the government provides various schemes questions arise whether the schemes are being implemented effectively. Here, I found some point which I am sharing now.
- To strengthen young people’s perception of importance scholastic education, with the aim to raise the expectation and to stimulate not only the learning capabilities but also the learning motivators.
- To provide families of children at-risk of scholastic dissension information and training tools.
- To reinforce the teacher’s role in the prevention of the scholastic dropout phenomenon with teaching motivational tools for psychologically fragile student.
- To create an innovative learning environment aimed at increasing the value of the training pathways, perception and at the rise of self-confidence.
Why girls dropout student rate is high:
Girl’s dropout rate is high because of lack of education. First of all girls left their education because of some family problems and their standard of living condition is not good. There is not sufficient transport facilities available in the country and it causes lack of accessibility.
India over the years has been infamous for its patriarchal society, where women are not given an equal chance to grow and some of them dropout of schools because of this and their menstrual health. In the higher education, the girl dropout number are maximum because most of the girls are forced for marriage so they are forced to leave the school.
We know that dropouts due to teenage pregnancy are associated with many of the same risk factors including poverty, low self-esteem and the educational attainment of a girl’s parents.
Cause of dropout:
- Lack of parent engagement
- Lack of student interest
- Lack of infrastructure
- Behavior of teacher’s
- Basic facilities given by school
- Lack of accessibility
- Poor academic performance
Lack of parent engagement:-
The most important problems are insufficient time for their children. The parents do not support their education and are not giving proper time for children. The children worry that their parents are not giving importance to their education and are not concerned about their future, which contributes to a low self-esteem. Parents are often busy in their work so the children’s are ignored in their educational pusuits.
Lack of student’s interest:-
The main reasons for dropout students are lack of interest. They are more interested in making money and education is often a low priority when a family is struggling economically.
Lack of infrastructure:-
The schools don’t have good infrastructure facilities and because of that schools are facing water problems, lack of sanitation, hygiene and quality midday meals.
Behavior of teachers:-
The behavior of teachers towards their children is often not appropriate, and their speech towards students is not encouraging. They further demotivate students who are having trouble in their studies.
Lack of accessibility:-
The children have to travel a very long distance to reach their schools. Poor transportation causes further difficulties for the students to reach their school.
The poverty is main cause of dropout. The parents are not able to pay for their education.
Poor academic performance:-
When the child has failed to score good marks, their families pressure them.
Scheme Implementation for dropout student:-
- SARVA SIKHYA AVIYAN (SSA) 2001:-
The main goal of this program is that all children 6-14 years of age should complete primary education by the year 2007 and all children of 6-14 years of age should complete 8 years of schooling by 2010.
- DISTRICT PRIMARY EDUCATION PROGRAM:-
This program was launched in 1994 with the objective of universalization of primary education.
- RIGHT TO EDUCATION(2009):-
This ensures every kid between ages 6 to 14 should get primary education.
- OPERATION BLACKBOARD :-
This scheme was launched in 1987 with a motto of improving the school environment.
- MIDDAY MEAL:-
Improving the nutritional status of children in class I-VII government aided schools and EGS and AIE centers with the end objective of enabling the disadvantaged and the poor children to attend school regularly.
- BETI BACHO BETI PADHAO(2015)
Aims to generates awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services meant for women.
- RAJIV GANDHI SCHEME FOR EMPOWERMENT OF ADOLESCENT(RGSEAG) SABLA (2010)
It aims at empowering adolescent girls of 11 to 18 year improving their nutritional and health status, up gradation of home skills, life skills and vocational skills.
The conclusion of this topic is, for better education in the rural areas we need to directly reach the students and implement education in a different way so that students take it seriously. They will show their interest for education when we resolved some of the main obstacles.
Prepared By – Sarojini Barik